Maca Root Dictionary


An adaptogen is a safe substance and a very powerful antioxidant found in natural herbs. The term adaptogen was created by Dr. Nicolai Lazarev in 1947. The adaptogens have qualities to help body adopt to stress, restore energy and nourish the body according to individual needs.

Adaptogens support the adrenal glands, the endocrine system that helps body increases its ability to defend itself against physical and mental weakening, rebuild week immune system. Maca belongs to a group of natural adaptogens.

Adrenal Glands

Adrenal glands are responsible for releasing hormones in relation to stress. They are triangular shaped, located on the top of both kidneys and they affect kidney function. Each gland has a medulla surrounded by the cortex. The adrenal cortex produces other hormones necessary for fluid and electrolyte balance. Adrenal glands also make sex hormones.


The name “alkaloid” comes from the Arabic word for ash (or “ashes of plants”) “al-qali.” Alkaloids are the natural organic compounds and they mostly contain nitrogen basis. These alkaloids are found in the majority of plants, used since ancient times for therapeutic purposes.

Amino Acids

Amino acids are building blocks of proteins and they make up 75% of the human body. Protein substances make up the organs, glands, nails, hair and muscles. There are 20 amino acids. Humans can produce 10 of 20 amino acids. The others must be supplied in the food. Amino acids that must be obtained from the diet are called “Essential Amino Acids’. The essential amino acids are arginine, histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, threonine, tryptophan, and valine. These amino acids are required in a daily diet. Humans do not store amino acids that is why it is important that amino acids are in our food every day.


Andropause is a term used for male menopause. The male menopause is recognized by a drop in testosterone hormone levels. Testosterone is the male sex hormone responsible for creating sperm, sex drive and providing muscle strength. The changes men will experience when in andropause are: loss of energy, low sex drive, not able to have strong erection, decreased muscle tone, night sweats, depression, changes in moods and attitudes. The drop in hormone levels appear around middle age. According to research not all men will go through andropause. Reasons to that are still unclear.


Antioxidants are molecules which prevent and repair damage done by free radicals. When our body breaks down food, or when it is under stress, exposed to pollution or alcohol, free radicals are produced. Free radicals can damage cells which leads to diseases. Antioxidants protect our sells from damage caused by free radicals. Antioxidants are found in fruits, fish, grains, nuts and vegetables.


The name aphrodisiac comes from Aphrodite, the Greek goddess of beauty, sexuality and love. Aphrodisiac is a drug, food, plant, or a substance that stimulate and enhance sexual behavior.

Aphrodisiacs boost sexual desire and improve sex life in both men and women.

Artificial Fertilizers

Artificial fertilizers are chemicals or minerals produced to nurture the soil and support plant growth. They are produced through chemical processes. The processes used to create artificial fertilizers use potassium and sulfur from salt mine and nitrogen occurring from ammonia produced from natural gases.


Erection is a sexual response in both men and women. In men, erection is a state when the penis becomes enlarged and firm. The erection happens when there is either increased blood flow entering the penis, or muscular contracting. When a man is stimulated by touch or mentally, blood flow increases to his penis. In women, clitoris get aroused when sexually aroused. Even though built differently than penis and clitoris, nipples can also become erect as well. When nipples are stimulated by touch or cold temperatures they get erect.

Erectile Dysfunction

Erectile dysfunction is male impotence. It means not being able to develop or maintain an erection of the penis for the purpose of sexual performance. Reasons for having erectile dysfunction can be health related, injury, medications or side effects of alcohol or drugs.

Fatty Acids

Fatty acids are “good fats” produced when fats are broken down. There are different types of fatty acids, Omega-3 (found in fish, nuts oil), being the most known. Fatty acids are an important part of a healthy diet-they are necessary for keeping skin healthy, they play essential role in brain function growth and development, they help prevent early aging, help rid the arteries of cholesterol build up and they keep strong organs and tissue. They are found in oils and other fats.


Dietary fiber are nutrients found in the diet. Fiber is made up of non-starch polysaccharides.

There are two types of fiber, soluble and insoluble. Both types of fiber are present in all plant foods. Soluble fiber benefits are: regulates sugar intake, it reduces cholesterol. Soluble fibers are found in beans, broccoli, grapes, apple, spinach and others. Insoluble fiber found in vegetables and fruits, nuts and its benefits are: promotes regular bowel movement and speeds up the elimination of toxic waste through the colon.


Gelatinization is the process of converting into gelatinous form.

Starch gelatinization in maca is a process of removing most of starch from maca root in order to make it easier to digest.


The glucosinolates are an organic sulphur compounds / nutrients found in cruciferous crops such as: broccoli, brussels sprouts, cabbage and turnips. These nutrients are actually antioxidants, found to be very effective helping in boosting protection against certain cancers like, colon, stomach, prostate, rectal. Among all other cruciferous vegetables, maca root (lepidium meyenii) is found to have the highest level of the glucosinolates.


Hormone comes from a word that means “to spur on”. Hormones are chemicals released by a cell or a gland. Men produce hormones in their testes and women produce them in their ovaries. Once released, hormones send out messages that affect cells in other parts of our body. There are two types of hormones known as steroids-sex hormones and peptides-regulate sleep and sugar concentration.

Hormonal Imbalance

Hormones play important role in your health and your overall well-being. When there is too little or too much of a particular hormone in one’s body, this is called a hormonal imbalance. When level of hormones swing, this can affect female and male mood, sexual desire, fertility. In women this can mean unbalanced level of two most important hormones, estrogen and progesterone. In men it is the testosterone hormone which plays an important role in male health.

Hormone Replacement Therapy

Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is a treatment for women going through menopause or for women who are in pre-menopause state.

Hormone replacement therapy involves taking in small amounts of estrogen and or progesterone hormones in order to easy symptoms of menopause, thus replace the hormone that the natural aging process takes away.


Libido (Lat., =lust) means sexual desire or an individual’s need to engage in sexual activity. Sigmund Freud defined libido as the instinct sexual energy or force of which “conscious activity is the expression”. According to Carl Gustav Jung a psychiatrist, libido is identified as psychic energy. When men and women experience lack of sex drive it means that they have low or lack of libido.


Longevity = the length of life. The Free Dictionary explains longevity as the number of years an average person of a particular age is expected to continue living. It is determined by statistical tables based on mortality rates of various population groups.

Macamides and Macaenes

Macaenes and macamides are two groups of novel compounds found in maca root. They are believed to give maca its powerful aphrodisiac and stamina effects.


The term menopause (for women) is derived from meno (month, menses) and pausis (pause, cessation), thus meaning a pause in menstruation. The average age of menopause in women is generally from age 40 to 58 years of age. Some women reach menopause in their thirties and some in their late sixties.


Non-toxic plants are generally those plants which are not harmful, not poisonous, chemically free, grown, cultivated and produced without fertilizers.

Peak Performance

Peak performance refers to an individual ability to achieve desired highest or maximum level of set personal goals (able to do one’s best). This term mainly refers to sport activities and best physical state.

Pituitary Gland

Pituitary gland which is located in the center of the skull is important for the entire endocrine system balance (secretes endorphins, controls ovulation and the menstrual cycle in women). Maca helps nourish and stimulate the pituitary gland.


Protodioscin (furostanol saponin) is an active sterodial ingredient found in plants such as Tribilus terrestris (gikshura). This compound act as a natural precursor to sex hormones, when extracted it produces pro-erectile effects, aphrodisiac action and dramatically and safely increases sex drive in both men and women.


Proteins are compounds made of amino acids. They are basic building blocks of the body used to make living things. During digestion proteins are broken down by enzymes in the stomach to provide amino acids for the organism.

Raw Maca

Raw maca is the Lepidium Meyenii vegetable root in its original raw and non-processed state.

Semen and Sperm Count

Semen is a white or grayish liquid released from the tube in the penis (urethra) on ejaculation. The purpose of semen is for reproduction. Semen consists of the secretions of several glands. Usually, each milliliter of semen contains millions of spermatozoa (sperm).

Sperm count measures concentration of sperm in a man’s ejaculate (how many sperm are contained in a man’s semen). The sperm count is usually an indicator of male fertility.


Sterols are substances which are naturally present in plants (fruits and vegetables, nuts). Synonyms for plant sterols are phytosterols.

Among other benefits, sterols have the ability to help lower the cholesterol.


Superfood is a term used to describe food nutritionally highly potent and with health benefits. Supefroods are found in nature and often contain significant amount of vitamins, antioxidants, and dietary fiber.


Testosterone is a steroid hormone produced by the male testis (women’s ovaries make some testosterone hormone, too). In a healthy grown man, testosterone hormone builds muscles, helps maintain energy levels, boosts a healthy libido and it plays an important role in puberty. Testosterone hormone plays a key role in aging. As men age, their testes often produce less testosterone than they did during adolescence.